How Global Consortia Are Advancing Continuous Manufacturing
A group of global consortia has given new meaning to the term “collaboration” in the pharma industry. Populated by academia and industry, and increasingly governments and regulators, consortia work together to develop and share advanced manufacturing technology.
Douglas B. Hausner, PhD, Associate Director of the Rutgers University/C-SOPS consortium, talked about consortia’s contributions to the development of continuous manufacturing (CM) technology during the opening plenary session at the 2018 ISPE Continuous Manufacturing Workshop.
Consortia are already making a significant contribution to pharma technology, he noted. “Most of this is not about the future—it is about where we are and where we are going,” Hausner said.
History of Consortia
All consortia interact and collaborate with industrial sponsors and share information with each other. “It is a community of practice, an attempt to harmonize our approach.” Or, for a more colorful take, Hausner suggested, academic consortia are “a sandbox where new tech is incubated with adopters, vendors, regulators, and students.”
One example of a consortium that helped develop CM solid-dose technology is C-SOPS, a consortium that included participation by early adopters Vertex, Janssen, and Lilly. The C-SOPS team was involved in the Prezista CM process development, the first CM approval for batch to continuous. C-SOPS has also conducted work for the FDA and other major pharmaceutical companies. Other projects are underway.
High visibility for a consortium like C-SOPS is very helpful since it allows the development to be seen, and lets regulators interact and ask questions; this can help to move the technology along more quickly, he noted.
Hausner gave a brief overview of some of the most active consortia:
- Established 2006
- Headquarters: Rutgers University, with partner schools Purdue University, New Jersey Institute of Technology, and University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez
- Focus on solid dose/direct compression
- Spinof company: Integra Continuous Manufacturing Systems
- Participant in commercial development activities: Prezista
- Established 2008
- Two-party partnership: Novartis and MIT
- Focus on end-to-end CM approach
- Spinof company: CONTINUUS
- Established 1984
- Center at University of Washington
- Focus on PAT and process control
- Pharma is one of many focus industries
- Established 2011 in the United Kingdom
- Focus on API and crystallization
- ISPE FOYA winner
- University of Strathclyde is the hub; British partner universities are Bath, Cambridge, Imperial, Leeds, Loughborough, and Shefeld
- Active government funding support
- Established 2013 in Ireland
- Broad focus on API, crystallization, solid dose
- Headquartered at University of Limerick; seven schools total
- Established 2008 in Austria
- Focus on end to extrusion
- University of Graz is a shareholder
- Spinof companies: five
- Established 2018
- Headquarters: University of Ghent (Belgium); participants include researchers from the universities of Cambridge (United Kingdom), Copenhagen (Denmark), Düsseldorf (Germany), Graz (Austria), Helsinki (Finland), Leuven (Belgium), Lille (France), Lisbon (Portugal), Ljubljana (Slovenia), and Otago (New Zealand).
- Focus on solid dispersions, solid dose
- Based in Japan
- Focus is broad particle technology
- Joint industry-academia group, industry driven
Trends and Future Direction
International collaboration is the focus of the consortia model, and consortia are seeing government investment by EU nations and now by the United States. (See “Current Consortia” for some of the more active consortia.) Academia is working as development partners on emerging technology for manufacturers. As activity has expanded, so has the interaction both directly and indirectly with regulators, Hausner noted.
Look for more interactions among consortia, international collaboration, and dialogue with regulators on advanced manufacturing technology, Hausner predicted. Continuous bio will be the next area of emphasis, and integration of advanced pharma manufacturing with the Internet of Things and Industry 4.0 are coming trends. Consortia are also looking to move to an advanced manufacturing model that could adapt to other advanced manufacturing processes beyond CM.