The presence of endotoxin in sterile pharmaceutical products presents a significant risk to patients. The primary source of endotoxin is pharmaceutical grade water, due to the potential for Gram-negative bacteria to be present. The water source of greatest impact is Water-for-Injections (WFI), because it is used as ingredient water. This webinar will present various aspects of investigating endotoxin contamination in pharmaceutical water systems


Dr. Tim Sandle has over twenty-five years experience of microbiological research and biopharmaceutical processing. Dr. Sandle is a member of several editorials boards and he has written over six-hundred book chapters, peer reviewed papers and technical articles relating to microbiology. Dr. Sandle works for a pharmaceutical manufacturer in the UK, and is a visiting tutor at both the University of Manchester and UCL.