ISPE Glossary of Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Terminology

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Karyotype

The chromosome constitution of a cell, an individual, or of a related group of individuals, as defined both by the number and the morphology of the chromosomes, usually in mitotic metaphase; chromosomes arranged in order of length and according to position of centromere; also, the abbreviated formula for the chromosome constitution, such as 47, XX + 21 for human trisomy-21 (Down’s syndrome).

Publication Source: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Publication Date: 1999

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